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What Is Oral Pathology and How Can You Spot It?
Posted on 9/19/2022 by Dr. Michael Allard
Oral pathology is a branch of dentistry that focuses on diagnosing, controlling, and treating disorders that primarily impact the maxillofacial and oral areas. These include the salivary glands, teeth, lips, tongue, perioral skin, gums, facial joints, and muscles. Clinical examination and laboratory testing are oral pathology's main practices while considering general body health.
Oral Pathology Signs
The mouth is a vital and complicated bodily organ with many critical functions. Oral pathologists are professionals with training and expertise in diagnosing and treating various dental and oral conditions. Since it's simple to gain access to your mouth, you can easily identify any oral pathology symptoms. Your oral pathologist will take the biopsy samples to identify the specific problem affecting you. Some oral pathology symptoms to check for during a self-exam include the following:
White/Red Patches or Lumps
You will identify red/white patches or lumps in your mouth. A healthy mouth has a pink mucosa lining and is smooth. Also, you can experience changes in the color or appearance of your tongue, lips, cheeks, neck, face, periodontal tissues, and palate.
Chronic Sores and Lesions
You might have acute sores and lesions that occasionally bleed continuously. Besides, you may experience difficulty in chewing or swallowing, sore throat, and extended horse sounds.
Inflamed and Bleeding Gums
Another symptom of oral pathology is gums that are bleeding, painful, inflammatory or receding gum lines. These are all signs of gingivitis and other periodontal disorders. If gingivitis is not treated, it can develop into periodontitis, resulting in severe infections and tooth loss.
Use a well-lit mirror to inspect your oral hygiene from various angles. You can feel inside your mouth using your fingers as well. Some of the world's worst pathology disorders and ones that are challenging to treat are mouth cancer and lesions. But it is relatively simple to treat benign tumors and other periodontal conditions.